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Management

The project manager structures the work

The work of the project manager includes the management of the staff that creates the products and services of the enterprise.

The project manager uses various techniques to structure the work within the organizational structure so that it integrates the needs of the organization with that of the staff.

The activity with which the work activity is created and then renewed is known as job design. Job design is a process of structuring the job to meet the technical – physiological needs of the worker performing this work. In the design process, you have to answer the 5 k and 1 why? Reference: “Reorganization of business processes in the organization”, https://w-europe.org/

To perform a certain job. Labor design is a function that should take into account and take into account the many factors and limitations associated with the current organizational structure. job design is the function of accurately defining the work activities of each member or group of staff within the organizational structure.

In practice, project managers use different techniques for labor design and they are:

“Labor disclosure” – provides for very narrow specialization, fragmented labor functions, and tasks, uniformity;

Another technique is labor rotation – the essence of which is that contractors take on several simplified types of work and continue assembling them. Rotation does not create a feeling of monotony in the worker; See also: https://www.dol.gov/

Enrichment of labor – the goal is to increase the responsibility of the contractor to give him more opportunity for self-control;

Expansion of labor – labor is designed, which in content can be expanded with labor functions for the individual contractor until the moment when the contractor will see the result of his work .;

Autonomous groups – are created on the principle of self-control and work without direct external control.

Methods of research work

The main goal of the design of the work is to improve the performance of the work and its results.

The objectives of the design activity are 2: satisfying the requirements of the organization for productivity, usefulness, and quality of the product; meeting the needs of the people in the organization in terms of interests, challenging work, performance.

The organizational and technological requirements for the work are how, according to the technology and the organization of the production, the labor tasks should be performed, and from their normative duration the time standards.

Production management must seek answers to 3 important questions:

  • How the work should be done
  • How performance can be measured
  • How performers should be compensated.

To study the methods of work, scientific management has developed various techniques and methods (analytical, graphical, experimental, through flowcharts, etc.).

Through flowcharts, the sequence of activities performed by individuals is recorded in appropriate tables using standard symbols and thus a flowchart is drawn up.

Another method that has found wide application in work processes is that of critical scrutiny. Reference: “Business process reengineering”, https://mstsnl.net

He uses the survey method to find out what, how, when, where, and why the activity is performed and who does it. Two questions arise here: is there a need for this activity and are there better alternatives for doing it?

Existing methods can be grouped into analytical and summary measurement methods. The study and analysis of labor processes are the starting point for determining the regulatory duration.

The labor norm characterizes the objectively necessary expenditure of working time for the performance of a given work and there are several types: the norm for the time, the norm for production, the norm for service.

Labor rationing helps production managers to be objective in assessing the labor input and its fair remuneration. In this way, rational utilization of labor and working time of staff is achieved.

An important element in the design of labor is remuneration. It includes basic and additional remuneration.

The main form of basic remuneration is salarying: payment according to the duration of the work, payment based on results, fixed payment, payment for an order.

Remuneration according to the duration of the work implies that the calculation of the remuneration is based on the days or hours worked. In the system for payment by results, the form for payment of 1 workmanship is used.

Based on the basic salary for the respective work, the norms for time and production, an average estimate is formed. Percentage payment is a variant of the system of results.

The contractor’s earnings are determined in% of the number of goods or services sold. The fixed salary is remuneration for the performance of a given work, as the contractor receives a fixed salary, and depending on the volume receives a premium.

Payment for an order can be described as a market payment according to the value of the order. Many stimulant supplements can be grouped as follows:

Individual supplements – night work, overtime work, work experience, knowledge, harmful working conditions, etc.

Group stimulant supplements – used when it is difficult to assess individual coercion;

Total organizational incentive supplements – distribution of part of the profit, provision of shares at preferential prices, participation in the results to reduce the cost of maintaining the company.